Welcome to Year 3 Rosa Parks Class
Year Three Parkes
Rosa Parks was an african american woman who lived in the last century.
Life for African Americans like Rosa was hard. At the time, the Southern United States operated under the ‘Jim Crow laws’ – a set of laws introduced in the late 19th century that claimed to give African Americans “separate but equal” status and treatment. But, in truth, there was no ‘equality’ whatsoever.
In the face of such racism, Rosa decided to make a stand for what was right. Together with her husband Raymond, she joined the National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People (NAACP), working towards putting an end to discrimination and segregation.
But it was on the 1 December 1955 that Rosa truly sparked change. After a long day at work, Rosa boarded the bus home and took a seat. At that time in Montgomery, seats at the front of buses were reserved for white passengers, and the seats at the back for black passengers.
The bus quickly filled up and when a white man boarded, the driver told the African American passengers to give up their seats for him. Whilst the other black passengers obeyed, Rosa did not. The result? Rosa was arrested by the police and fined for breaking segregation laws! But Rosa refused to pay, and argued that it was the law that was wrong, not her behaviour.
On news of Rosa’s arrest, the black citizens of Montgomery came together and agreed to boycott the city’s buses in protest. This meant that from 5 December 1955 (the date of Rosa’s trial), African Americans refused to travel on buses. The boycott was managed by an organisation called the Montgomery Improvement Association, for which Dr Martin Luther King Jr was elected as leader.
The protest proved super effective, with more black people participating than had been expected. And since African Americans made up around 70% of bus users, the city’s transport services made far less money and began to struggle. But it wasn’t an easy protest for the black citizens. Many of them didn’t own cars, and so they had to carpool together or walk long distances to get where they needed to go. What’s more, the boycott was received with anger by members of the white population, who responded with aggressive and dangerous acts of violence.
Nevertheless, the protesters stuck together and fought for their cause – and on 13 November 1956 their efforts were finally rewarded. After 381 days of boycotting the buses, the Supreme Court ruled that Alabama’s racial segregation laws were ‘unconstitutional’ – meaning they weren’t valid and should not be recognised. In light of such a wonderful victory, Rosa became known as “the mother of the civil rights movement”.
8.45am - 3.15pm
Please make sure your children are dropped off and picked up on time.
Dinner and Snack Money needs to be paid on Fridays for the week after using the Parent Pay log in.
Please do not send any money into school.
School Dinners - £11.50 per week
Snack Money - £1 per week
If you need any help with your Parent Pay account, please go to the school office.
If you think you qualify for free school meals, please see Ms Voraji in the school office.
PE is on Monday and Tuesday.
Please make sure your child comes to school in their PE kit on Monday and Tuesday.
Dark shorts, white or green plain T shirt and trainers.
Dark, plain tracksuits can be worn for outdoor PE on Monday.
No jewellery to be worn.
Long hair tied back with a bobble.
Wigan Road, Bolton, Lancashire, BL3 5QL